技术带来的七大变化 Seven ways technology has changed us【亚博app手机版】

本文摘要:it has become customary to talk of ” technology ” as if it were a special sector of the economy consisting of the manufacture of sophisticated ed今天,人们习惯性地说:“technique This Is a ludicrously narrow definition . every technique human beings have invented,from the stone axe onwards,techniquethe ability of humans to invent technologies is their defining character istic . further more,new general pure Such as the computer and the interral这是一个狭窄而荒谬的定义。

亚博app手机版

it has become customary to talk of ” technology ” as if it were a special sector of the economy consisting of the manufacture of sophisticated ed今天,人们习惯性地说:“technique This Is a ludicrously narrow definition . every technique human beings have invented,from the stone axe onwards,techniquethe ability of humans to invent technologies is their defining character istic . further more,new general pure Such as the computer and the interral这是一个狭窄而荒谬的定义。从石斧开始,人类发明者的所有方法都是“技术”。

发明家技术的能力是人类的本质特征。此外,计算机和互联网等新型标准化技术的影响远远超过狭窄的技术领域。we need to assess contemporary innovations in their broader context . here are seven points about these changes。我们应该在更大的背景下评估现代想法。

以下是关于这些变化的7个要点。First,the penetration of recent innovations in communication s technology has been astonishingly rapid . at the end of 2015,There were morepenetration of internet access grew from 7 percent to 43 percent over the same period。(see chart .)2015年底,移动用户达到70亿,渗透率超过97%,远远超过2000年的约10%。同期,互联网终端渗透率从7%提高到43%。

(新闻图表)economically,this has led to the rise of ecommerce,the transformation of industries whose products can be converted into Filmsocially,It has altered human interactions . pos It has affected relationships between the rulers and the ruled。在社会层面,这改变了人际关系。在政治层面上,这影响了统治者和被统治者之间的关系。

Second,a substantial ” digital divide ” exists . in 2015,81 per cent of house hold s in The developed world had internet access The pre其次,没有深度,2015年,81%的发达国家需要终端互联网,所有发展中国家的互联网终端比率为34%,最不发达国家的终端比率仅为7%。information is power . it is not yet clear whether the rapid spread of access will prove more important than the persistent differences in its avails its网络终端的快速普及并不比网络可用性的长期差异更重要。但是我们有理由持悲观态度。糟糕的通信和超越金融网络构筑飞跃的能力已经改变了一些发展中国家。

Third,The arrival of The internet and mobile phones has failed to generate a sustained upturn in The growth of productivity . this is shown best by
美国是新技术发展的龙头,在超过一个世纪的时间里仍然是世界上生产力最低、最具创意的经济大国。output per hour worked in the us grew at rate of 3 per cent a year in the 10 years up to 1966,after which the growth rate declined,Falling to just 1after The launch of The world wide web,The moving average rose to 2.5 percent in The 10 years to 2005 . but it then fell to just 1 per cent in The decade te在截至1966年的10年间,美国每小时的工作生产万维网问世后,这一增长率在截至2005年的10年间上升到了2.5%。而且截至2015年,10年间下降到1%。

a decomposition of The sources of growth in productive capacity underlines The point . over The 10 years up to and including 2015,The average growthwe should not be surprised . as Robert Gordon of Northwestern University argues,cleanwater,modern sewage,electricity,the The that statisticians are failing to measure output correctly,partly by failing to capture free services,Which generate vast un measured .如上所述,大部分新技术都会产生测量的最大剩余价值。看看电灯对自学能力的影响。Fourth,the new technologies have reinforced tendencies towards greater inequality,In at least three respects . one is the rise of ” WIP第四,至少从三个方面来看,新技术加强了不公平现象增加的趋势。首先是“赢家通吃”市场的兴起——少数成功人士、企业和产品主导着世界经济。

二是全球化的活跃发展。第三是金融交易和其他包租金融活动的爆炸性快速增长。some argue that the arrival of robots and artificial intelligence will transform labour markets,Rendering even quite sophisticated skills REESixth,the rise of global communications,of our reliance on cyberspace,Of behemoth technology-enabled corporations and Of ” biibroadly about the relationship between governments,corporations and individuals。6、全球通信繁荣,减少对网络空间的依赖,大技术公司崛起,“大数据”Finally,The Rise of Pluralistic Interactive Media is affecting Politics . wider access to ko最后,各种对话媒体的发展正在影响政治。

提供科学知识的更普遍的方法是潜在的福音。但是新技术也可以用于传播谎言、仇恨和虚伪。technologies are tools . they offer opportunities and dangers . what we make of them is,as always,up to us。

技术是工具。他们得到了机会,背后也有危险。从古至今,我们如何使用技术一直与我们自己不同。

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